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Title :保育者養成における人形劇の教育的意義 : 授業での取り組みを通して
Title alternative :The educational significance of using puppets to nurture childcare professionals: Through initiatives in the use of puppetry in lessons
Authors :神谷, 睦代
Publisher :新潟人間生活学会
Issue Date :Mar-2018
Journal Title :人間生活学研究
Volume :9
Start Page :69
End Page :79
ISSN :1884-8591
Abstract :本論は保育者養成校の授業における人形劇の取り組みについての教育的意義を、学生の学びの内容や意識の変容を基に報告するものである。方法としては、学生の授業における振り返りレポートの分析及び質問紙調査による考察を行った。結果、学生の学びの内容には「グループ活動の意味」「表現技術・技能の習得」「保育への活用法」「自己意識の変容(意欲や感動、達成感等)」「人形劇の理解」があげられた。特に「自己意識の変容」では「人前で表現する自信が生まれた」という個人の人間的成長に結びつくものと、発信する立場と受信する立場の双方の視点の獲得や他者理解というコミュニケーションに関するものも含まれた。また、ほとんどの学生が自己の表現力(表現技術・技能)の習得に人形劇の取り組みが役立ったと自覚し、加えて「表現モデル」の面からも将来の保育に活かせるという意識を持つに至ったことが質問紙調査により明らかになった。以上から、授業における人形劇の取り組みを通して学生は、人形劇の魅力や特質、協力の大切さを学び、演技や人形制作によって表現技術・技能及び表現力を高め、将来の保育活動での人形劇の活用への見通しを持てたことがその教育的意義として示された。尚、この教育的成果にはアクティブ・ラーニングの学習形態が大きな要因の一つとして考えられる。
In this paper, we would like to report on the educational significance of using puppets in a course at a childcare worker training school on the basis of what students learned from it and how their awareness changed. As an investigative method, we analyzed the students' lesson summary reports and we also conducted questionnaire surveys and examined them. The results showed that what they learned included "the significance of group activities", "the acquisition of techniques and skills of expression", "how to apply it to childcare", "a transformation of self-awareness (motivation, pressiveness, having a sense of achievement, etc.)" and "an understanding of puppet theater". In particular, for "their transformation of self-awareness", the answers were divided into two categories, one related to personal growth, with items such as "I was able to gain the confidence to express things in public", and the other was related to their communication skills for understanding others and bilateral viewpoints, meaning the party giving information and the party receiving it, such as "When acting out something, I hope that the audience pays attention, so I understand it's important to refrain from talking when they are viewing something, even when it is a very basic manner. The questionnaire survey revealed that most students felt that the puppetry experiences helped them acquire self-expression skills (skills and techniques for expression), and in addition, they also felt that they could make use of the experience as an "expression model" in their future childcare experiences. Based on the above, we found that students learned the attractiveness and characteristics of puppetry as well as the importance of cooperation, through puppetry activities in class, and they were able to notice an improvement in their expression ability and skills by acting with and creating dolls. Therefore, we believe that an educational significance was shown since students achieved the prospect of utilizing puppetry for future childcare activities. Incidentally, the learning style of active learning is considered as one of the major factors in this educational outcome.
Keywords :人形劇
cultivating the expressive ability of students
childcare worker expression model
childcare worker training
group activities
project method
Type Local :Journal Article
Language :jpn
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/74986
Appears in Collections:01 人間生活学研究

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10623/74986

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