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タイトル :Risk factors related to the reduction of subjective taste ability in middle-to old-aged nursing home residents in Sri Lanka : a cross-sectional study
著者 :Takiguchi, Toru
Yamamoto, Tatsuo
Kandaudahewa, Geethani
Fuchida, Shinya
Yuyama, Noriyuki
Seki, Chizuru
Honma, Michiko
Koiso, Kyoko
Hirata, Yonesato
Fukai, Kakuhiro
Takayanagi, Atsushi
Yoshino, Koichi
Huffman, Jeffrey
Hirata, Yukio
公開者・出版者 :Niigata Society of Health and Welfare
刊行年月 :2015
掲載誌名 :Niigata journal of health and welfare
巻 :15
号 :1
開始ページ :37
終了ページ :51
ISSN :1346-8782
抄録 :The purpose of this study is to verify the factors significantly related to the reduction of subjective taste ability of 1,015 middle-aged and elderly (50 - 96 years old) at 25 randomized selected nursing homes in Sri Lanka. Binary logistic regression analyses by gender were performed using IBM SPSS on following variables. A dependent variable is taste ability, and 27 independent variables are age, daily lifestyle, nutritional problems, general status, dental status and physiological thresholds of taste abilities (sweet, salt, sour, bitter, and umami). Smell ability (p < 0.001 - 0.05) and the Self-Report Questionnaire, 20-item version :SRQ 20 (p < 0.01 - 0.05) were significant risk factors of reducing taste ability in both genders. Especially, smell ability was closely linked to taste ability. Existence of comprehensive perception of “flavor” composed of taste and smell ability was illustrated. Significant gender differences factors were observed in long term care needs (p < 0.05), sleeping (p < 0.01 - 0.001), bowel condition (p < 0.05) in males; and height (p < 0.05), weight (p < 0.05), BMI 3 categories (p < 0.05), and brushing (p < 0.05) in females. Other variables such as age and five types of physiological taste ability were not significant in both genders. The results of this investigation also strongly indicated that the perception of subjective sense of taste was different from the objective sense of taste. Epidemiological studies such as cohort or intervention studies focusing on a relationship between subjective taste ability and sense of smell are necessary to identify more accurate and changeable risk factors for dysgeusia in order to improve elderly’s nutritional intake in Sri Lanka.
キーワード :taste ability
risk factors
elderly
nursing homes
Sri Lanka
資料種別 :Journal Article
言語 :eng
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/71946
出現コレクション:02 Niigata journal of health and welfare

引用の際は次の識別子を使用してください http://hdl.handle.net/10623/71946

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