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Title :刑事被告人が無罪の推定を受ける権利に関する一考察 : 国際人権法の観点から
Title alternative :Some thoughts concerning presumption of innocence : In light of human rights law
Authors :里見, 佳香
Publisher :新潟青陵学会
Issue Date :Mar-2017
Journal Title :新潟青陵学会誌
Volume :9
Issue :1
Start Page :1
End Page :9
ISSN :1883-759X
Abstract :As has often been noted, it seems that the criminal defendant after indictment is bound by the "handcuffs/leash" when he or she enter the court is a violation of the principle of presumption of innocence. In fact,in a Lay judges in Japan, during the trial before the judges and citizen judges, they have been removed"handcuffs / leash". This is because "handcuffs / leash" may ffaect the free conviction of general citizens. Then, is there any problem with the current system using "handcuffs / leash" for criminal cases other than the cases by lay judges? I tried to investigate this problem from the perspective of international law and international human rights law. As a result, it turned out that the "handcuffs / leash" measures violate the provisions of International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights. Also, this measure is proved to be problematic even from the perspective of domestic laws. In addition, this paper is based on my speech at a symposium "Handcuffs in the court · leash are allowed?~ Moral rights of criminal defendants / right to be guilty -" , hosted by the Osaka Bar Association held on January 16, 2008.
起訴後の刑事被告人がいわゆる手錠・腰縄を身につけ捕縛された状態で公判廷に入る取扱いについては、かねてより無罪推定の原則を侵し得るとの指摘がなされてきた。実際に、市民が職業裁判官とともに合議体を形成する裁判員裁判においては、一般市民である裁判員の心証に影響し得るとの理由に基づき、裁判官および裁判員の入廷前にこれらを外せる運用が行われている。それでは、それ以外の刑事事件につき手錠・腰縄をなす現措置には問題があるか。国際法・国際人権法の観点から一考察をなした。その結果、該措置は日本が批准する国際人権規約等の規定に違反する可能性があり、また国内法解釈においても問題があることがわかった。  なお本稿は、「法廷内の手錠・腰縄は許されるのか?~刑事被告人の人格権・無罪推定を受け る権利」と題して平成28年1月16日に催された大阪弁護士会主催シンポジウムで講演した内容を 基に加筆修正したものである。
Keywords :presumption of innocence
International human rights law
the measures of hundcuffs and leash
Type Local :Journal Article
Language :jpn
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/70624
Appears in Collections:01 Journal of Niigata Seiryo Academic Society

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10623/70624

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