Niigata Insitute of Technology >
20 紀要 = Departmental Bulletin Paper >
01 新潟工科大学研究紀要 = Bulletin of Niigata Institute of Technology >
|Title alternative ||:||F. W. Parker's Principle of the “Educational Freedom”|
|Authors ||:||高田, 喜久司|
|Issue Date ||:||Mar-2017 |
|Journal Title ||:||新潟工科大学研究紀要|
|Start Page ||:||31|
|End Page ||:||45|
|Abstract ||:||The goal of humanity is freedom.The means of acquiring freedom may be summed up in one word－education.Therefore, in this paper, I intend to clarify F.W.Parker's principle of the educational freedom.Traditional education was based on the method of quantity teaching.In this method teachers crammed their pupils with dead language and abstract ideas and thus kept them from
looking outside of a limited circle of
truths.Parker criticized this method, because it served an aristocratic society in which the few secured the subjugation of
masses.Parker suggested the method of
quality teaching, because this method would serve to develop a democratic society or
free society.It based itself on the self-effort and original inference, and placed special stress on object lessons,experiment, free thinking and free activity.In his
common school Parker taught his pupils the principles of educational freedom or democracy－altruism, mutual responsibility, and the like.Thus educational freedom
pervaded the whole system of his common school, including teachers, pupils and curriculums.|
|Keywords ||:||educational freedom|
|Type Local ||:||Departmental Bulletin Paper|
|Appears in Collections||:||01 新潟工科大学研究紀要 = Bulletin of Niigata Institute of Technology|
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