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Title :幼児のわらべうたの短期記憶に関する一考察 : 音程と音量における歌唱力の発達
Title alternative :A study of children’s short-term memory of traditional Japanese children’s songs in preschool : Development of singing ability in pitch and volume
Authors :渡辺, 優子
Publisher :新潟青陵学会
Issue Date :Sep-2015
Journal Title :新潟青陵学会誌
Volume :8
Issue :1
Start Page :35
End Page :43
ISSN :1883-759X
Abstract :This study examined the short-term memory of preschoolers for Warabe-Uta children’s songs – known to reflect particular characteristics of traditional Japanese music – in connection with these children’s development of singing ability. Three-, four- and five-year-old preschool children were taught these traditional Warabe-Uta , and their singing ability at each age was then assessed for correct pitch and volume, in both group and individual singing. Confirming previous studies, we found the five-year-olds had developed the highest singing ability, and we were able to see how this singing ability had developed from one year to the next. Special structural characteristics of the Warabe-Uta songs (their syllable nuclei, combined tetrachords, and tone intervals in their miyakobushi scale), as well as their lyrics and accenting of certain syllables, therefore seem to positively influence the development of the children’s singing ability.
幼児の歌唱の発達に関連して、日本伝統音楽の様式を持つわらべうたの短期記憶について、実験的な調査を行った。幼稚園の3歳児、4歳児、5歳児にわらべうたを教え、グループの歌唱と個人の歌唱について、年齢別に音程や音量を比較検討した。その結果、先行研究と同様に5歳児において歌唱力が高まることが示された。さらに、年齢別の歌唱行動の発達の道筋についての見通しを持つことができた。また、わらべうた特有の歌の構造(核音、テトラコルドの重なり、都節の音程感)や歌詞、言葉のアクセントなどが幼児の歌唱に及ぼす影響についても示唆を得ることができた。
Keywords :warabe-uta
short-term memory
preschool children
development of singing ability
わらべうた
短期記憶
幼児
歌唱力の発達
Type Local :Journal Article
Language :jpn
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/53647
Appears in Collections:01 Journal of Niigata Seiryo Academic Society

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10623/53647

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