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Title :Structural Analysis of an Expository Text : Its Overall and Subordinate Schematic Patterns
Authors :Mineshima, Michio
Publisher :新潟工科大学
Issue Date :Dec-2010
Journal Title :新潟工科大学研究紀要
Volume :15
Start Page :71
End Page :92
ISSN :1342-792X
Abstract :For a better and deeper comprehension of a text, it is crucial to understand that language operates not merely at the levels of individual words or sentences but also at the levels of the paragraph and the text as a whole. Reading instructions widely conducted in Japan, however, seem heavily weighed towards the lower levels of text structure, and the consequence is often the learners who are too preoccupied with single sentences to consider them in a larger context. This paper attempts to clarify how an authentic English text written for real, purposeful language use is structured at higher or macro levels by elaborate examinations of its components and diagrammatical representations of their hierarchical relations. The analysis showed that the sample text follows a General-Specific pattern and embeds within itself General-Specific, Claim-Counterclaim, Problem-Solution, and Question-Answer patterns as subordinates. It was also found that among the basic clause relations the matching relation is most frequently employed. Finally, some pedagogical implications were suggested in relation to some findings of this paper.
Keywords :structural patterns
General-Specific
Problem-Solution
Claim-Counterclaim
matching relations
Type Local :Departmental Bulletin Paper
Language :eng
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/25648
Appears in Collections:01 新潟工科大学研究紀要 = Bulletin of Niigata Institute of Technology

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10623/25648

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