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タイトル :2つの「イスラーム憲法」 : イランとエジプト
別言語のタイトル :Islamic Constitutions in Iran and Egypt: A Comparative Study
著者 :小杉, 泰
公開者・出版者 :国際大学大学院国際関係学研究科
刊行年月 :1985-12
掲載誌名 :国際大学大学院国際関係学研究科研究紀要
巻 :4
開始ページ :131
終了ページ :150
ISSN :0910-3643
抄録 :The Islamic Revolution (1978-9) and the post-revolutionary political system in Iran are often interpreted as a Shi'i revolution and a Shi'i theocracy. Although the Iranian culture is strongly coloured by the tradition of Ithna 'Ashari school of Shi'ite Islam, it does not prove that contemporary Iranian political system is more sectarian than being generally lslamic. It is absurd to confirm its sectarian nature before examining its common features with other Islamic Cultures. Here brought are two lslamic Constitutions for comparison. One is the constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran, which enbodies general Islamic principles and particular historical structurcs set by the consequencies of the revolution. The other is a draft Islamic constitution written in 1978 by Sunni scholars in Egypt. Though this one is also situated in the general context of Islamic revival, the draft is not of revolutionary nature at all. Furthermore, since it was made as a theoretical one, not intended to be applied in a particular condition in a particular country, it is expressed in very general manner. Therefore the comparison of the two, which are supposedly a particular Shi'i one and a general Sunni one, is very useful to find what is Commonly Islamic. As a result, two constitutions show many ideas in common. Among these are:Unity of Ummah (Community-State); no distinction between regnum and sacerdotium; Divine Sovereignty and its trust to the humanity; the primacy of Islamic Law and the subordination of the state which serves the Law, hence the ethical raison d'etre ofthe state; the primacy of 'Ulama'who are regarded as guardians of this judicial law; the confinement of the administrative power within the limits set by Islamic Law; the idea of Islamic democracy and importation of the electral system as a usefUl device, not as a principle of the Western democracy.
資料種別 :Departmental Bulletin Paper
言語 :jpn
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/25333
出現コレクション:05 国際大学大学院国際関係学研究科研究紀要

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