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Title :助産婦が果たした役割と女たちとのかかわり : 昭和20年代に活躍した助産婦の語りから
Title alternative :The roles of midwives and the way they related to women : The narrative by a midwife who used to actively work between the mid 1940s and mid 1950s
Authors :小林, 美代子
Publisher :新潟青陵大学
Issue Date :Mar-2008
Journal Title :新潟青陵大学紀要
Volume :8
Start Page :21
End Page :30
ISSN :1346-1737
Abstract :The aim of this study is to elucidate the roles of midwives and the way they related to women between the mid 1940s and mid 1950s, the period when home deliveries were most prevalent. As a method of research, I interviewed a midwife who used to actively work in provincial areas. Results of the study are as follows. Midwives played an important role in securing a sanitary environment and protecting the well-being of puerperants and newborns by giving advice on healthcare and assisting with deliveries. In doing so, she also educated people on sanitary and health care. In order to make deliveries safe and easy, the midwife became proactively involved in medical interventions based on medicine, which contributed to advancing the medicalization of delivery. Moreover, in their relationships with women, the midwife was closely and continually involved in their lives. The midwife provided support not only for deliveries, but also for the various problem faced by women, who were in a vulnerable position, and thus had close relationships with women.
研究の目的は、自宅分娩が全盛期の昭和20年代、助産婦がどのような役割を果たし、女たちにかかわってきたのかを明らかにすることである。研究方法は、地方で活躍した助産婦に面接による聞き取り調査を行なった。その結果以下のことがわかった。助産婦は、保健指導や分娩介助を通して衛生的な環境づくりや産褥婦や新生児の健康を守るうえで重要な役割を果たしていた。それは、衛生・保健の啓蒙という役割をも果たしていた。助産師は安全で安楽な分娩とするために、積極的に医学等に基づく医療介入を行なっており、「医療化」の進行の一端を担っていた。さらに、女たちへのかかわりは、相手の生活に密着し、継続的なかかわりであった。そして、望まれた分娩だけでなく、女たちがかかえる負の側面にもかかわるもので、弱い立場にある女たちに寄り添うかかわりであった。
Keywords :Midwives
roles
relation
narrative
history of midwifery
助産婦
役割
かかわり
語り
助産史
Type Local :Departmental Bulletin Paper
Language :jpn
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10623/19040
Appears in Collections:01 新潟青陵大学紀要

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